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Bhutan, The Land of Happiness

Bhutan is a small Buddhist Kingdom situated in the eastern Himalayas about the size of Switzerland, sandwiched between China and India. It was totally land lock country till 1984, when Druk Air (National Airlines) first started operating flight to outside world.

Bhutan, officially the Kingdom of Bhutan and the original name of Bhutan is Druk Yul. Bhutan was separated from the nearby state of Nepal to the west by the Indian state of Sikkim, and from Bangladesh to the south by West Bengal. The capital city is Thimphu.

BHUTAN at a Glance

Bhutan, officially the Kingdom of Bhutan

Local name of Bhutan: Druk Yul – means “Land of the Thunder Dragon“.

Capital and largest city: Thimphu (official)

Official languages: Dzongkha

Total Area: 38,394 square kilometers (350km long and 150km wide approx)

Location: Southern Asia, Landlocked between China and India

Altitude: 100m above sea level in the south to over 7500m in the north.

Longitude: 88°45’ – 92°10’ East

Latitude: 26°42’ – 28°15’ North

Political System: Democratic Constitutional Monarchy


Population: 7,42,737

Population Density: 18.9 per sq km.

Currency: Bhutanese Ngultrum (BTN)

Forest Coverage: 72.5% of the land area

Cultivated Area: 7.8% of total land

Life Expectancy: 68.4 years

Literacy Rate: 59.5% (Male 69, Female 49)

Local Time: 6 hours ahead of GMT

Country Code: +975

National Sport: Archery.

Population: 716,896 (density per sq km: 50)

Languages: Dzongkha (official), Tibetan dialects (among Bhotes), Nepalese dialects (among Nepalese)

National Holiday: National Day, December 17

Religions: Lamaistic Buddhist 75%Indian– and Nepalese-influenced Hinduism 25%

Terrain: Mountainous, from the Himalayas to lower-lying foothills to plains with semi-tropical forest, savannah grassland and bamboo jungles.

Natural Resources: Hydroelectric power, timber, gypsum, calcium carbide.

Agriculture Products: Rice, corn, root crops, citrus, food grains, dairy products, eggs.

Industries: Cement, wood products, processed fruits, alcoholic beverages, calcium carbide.